Campus Directory: Geoffrey Hale

University of Lethbridge

Geoffrey Hale


B.A.(Princeton), M.B.A. Ph.D. (U.W.O.)


Public policy, Canada-US Relations, North American integration, Fiscal and tax policies, Politics of foreign investment and capital markets, border security and management, Business and government, emergency management

Research Areas

North American integration, Canada-US relations, border management and security, political economy, foreign investment and capital markets

Alternate Languages



B.A.(Princeton), M.B.A. Ph.D. (U.W.O.)

Geoffrey Hale was born and raised in Montreal, Quebec. He attended Princeton University [B.A., 1976] and the University of Western Ontario [M.B.A., 1978; Ph.D., 1996]. His Ph.D. dissertation was entitled The Politics of Canadian Tax Policy: 1978-1988 -- Tax Reform as Constitutional Change.

Geoffrey Hale had an extensive background in public policy and business-government relations before joining the U of L faculty in 1999. A native of Montreal, he is author or co-editor of seven books: and numerous articles on various aspects of Canadian political economy, federalism, Canada-US relations and North American integration.

* "The Politics of Taxation in Canada" (Broadview Press/UTPHE, 2001),
* Uneasy Partnership: "The Politics of Business and Government in Canada" (University of Toronto Press, 2006; 2nd ed. 2018), and
* "So Near Yet So Far: The Public and Hidden Worlds of Canada-U.S. Relations" (UBC Press, 2012),

* "Borders and Bridges: Canada's Policy Relations in North America" (with Monica Gattinger), (Oxford, 2010);
* "Canada's Fluid Borders Trade, Investment, Travel, Migration) (with Greg Anderson), (University of Ottawa Press, 2021);
* "Navigating a Changing World: Canada's International Policies in an Age of Uncertainties" (with Greg Anderson) (University of Toronto Press, 2021).

Selected Publications


Navigating a Changing World: Canada's International Policies in an Age of Uncertainties, co-edited with Greg Anderson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2021)

Canada's Fluid Borders: Trade, Investment, Travel, Migration, co-edited with Greg Anderson (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2021).

Uneasy Partnership: The Politics of Business and Government in Canada, 2nd ed. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018).

So Near and Yet So Far: The Public and Hidden Worlds of Canada-U.S. Relations (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2012).

Borders and Bridges: Canada's Policy Relations in North America, co-edited with Monica Gattinger, (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2010).

The Politics of Taxation in Canada (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2001).

Selected Journal Articles:

"Capacity and Conditions for Choice: Managing Canada's International Policy Relations in an Unstable World," Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 26(3) (September 2020): 276-297.

"Navigating Disruption: The politics of business taxation as two-level game," Canadian Tax Journal 67:3 (2019): 667-92; DOI: 10.32721/ctj.2019.67.3.sym.hale.

"The Politics of Economic Inclusion in Canada: Past, Present, Prospects," London Journal of Canadian Studies 34:4 (Autumn 2019): 43-78.

"Regulatory Cooperation in North America: Diplomacy Navigating Asymmetries," American Review of Canadian Studies 49:1 (2019).

"Towards a New Party System in Québec? The 2018 Québec Provincial Election in Historical Perspective," Quebec Studies 68 (Fall-Winter 2019): 5-35

"Managing the Regulatory Tangle: Critical Infrastructure Security and Distributed Governance in Alberta's Major Traded Sectors," (with Cailin Bartlett), Journal of Borderland Studies 35:1 (2019), DOI:10.1080/08865655.2017.1367710

"Budgeting Under Prolonged Constraints: Canadian Provincial Governments Respond to Recession and 'Slowth'," (with Oleg Kodolov), Canadian Public Policy 42:1 (March 2016), 20-34.

"CNOOC-Nexen, State-Controlled Enterprises, and Canadian Foreign Investment Policies: Adapting to Divergent Modernization," Canadian Journal of Political Science 47:1 (June 2014).

"Transnationalism, Transgovernmentalism, and Canada-U.S. Relations in the 21st Century," American Review of Canadian Studies 43:4 (December 2013), 494-511.

"In Pursuit of Leverage: The evolution of Canadian trade and investment policies in an increasingly multipolar world," Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 18:1 (March 2012), 106-19.

"Politics, People and Passports: Contesting Security, Travel and Trade on the US-Canadian Border," Geopolitics 16:1 (2011): 27-69.

"'In the Pipeline' or 'Over a Barrel'? Assessing Canadian Efforts to Manage U.S.-Canadian Energy Interdependence," Canadian American Public Policy 76, May 2011.

"The Dog That Hasn't Barked: The Political Economy of Contemporary Debates on Canadian Foreign Investment Policies," Canadian Journal of Political Science 41:3 (September 2008): 719-47.

Selected Book Chapters:

"Cross-Border Energy Infrastructure and the Politics of Intermesticity," chapter for Canada Among Nations: 2018-19 - Canada-US Relations: Sovereignty or Shared Institutions, eds. David Carment, Chris Sands, and Inger Weibust (Aldershot: Palgrave, 2019).

"Pulling Against Gravity? The Evolution of Canadian Trade and Investment Policies in a Multipolar World," in Christopher Kirkey and Michael Hawes, eds., Canadian Foreign Policy in a Unipolar World (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2016), 183-203.

"'Exceptional', Immovable, Adaptable: Congress and the Limitations of North American Governance," in Regional Governance in a Post-NAFTA North America: Building without Architecture, edited by Brian Bow and Greg Anderson, (New York: Routledge, 2015), 160-177.

"Emergency Management in Alberta: A Study in Multi-Level Governance," in Multilevel Governance and Canadian Emergency Management Policy, ed. Daniel Henstra (Montreal-Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2013), 134-89.

"Towards a Perimeter: Incremental Adaptation or a New Paradigm in Canada-US Security and Trade Relations," in How Ottawa Spends: 2012-13, eds. G. Bruce Doern and Christopher Stoney (Montreal-Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2012), 106-23.

"Canadian Federalism and North American Integration: Managing multi-level games," in State of the Federation, eds. M. Behiels and F. Rocher (Ottawa: Invenire Books, 2011), 239-67.

In The Media

Research Interests

Dr. Hale's principal research interests are public policy, particularly Canada-U.S. relations, fiscal and tax policies, the political economy of trade and investment policies, North American integration, and border management and security.

His current research activity involves research as part of a multi-disciplinary research project, `Borders in Globalization` funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) leading to books on Canada's international policy relations and the management of human and market movements within and beyond North America.

Current Research and Creative Activity

TitleLocationGrant InformationPrincipal InvestigatorCo Researchers
Borders in Globalization Canada Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), $127,500 (Total grant: $2.5MM), 2013-19.

Dr. Emmanuel, Brunet-Jailly (U. Victoria) Geoffrey Hale (Market Flows, Canada; Alberta) Greg Anderson (U. Alberta)
Good Public Policy in Municipalities, Emergency Management in Alberta AB Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), $17,000, 2005-08.

Robert Young, UWO (national ppm study) Judith Garber, University of Alberta (Alberta PPM study); Geoffrey Hale, University of Lethbridge (Alberta EM study)

Previous Research

TitleGrant AgencyCompletion Date
Influencing American Policies Towards Canada (North American integration Canada-US relations) Canada-US Fulbright Program 2005-06
Federal and provincial fiscal policies 2006
Fiscal federalism 2006
Good Public Policy in Municipalities, Emergency Management in Alberta Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) 2005-2013

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