Campus Directory: YJ Bao

University of Lethbridge

YJ Bao
Area Chair and Faculty
Dhillon School of Business - Policy & Strategy
Office: Calgary (Calgary Campus)
Phone: (403) 332-4681
Area Chair and Faculty
Dhillon School of Business - Calgary Campus
Office: Calgary (Calgary Campus)
Phone: (403) 332-4681


LLB (International Relation), Fudan University, Shanghai; MPA (International/Public Administration), University of Southern California; PhD (Public Policy/International Technology Transfer), University of Southern California


Decision making under extreme conditions, Some derivative research topics include crisis leadership (decision making under crisis), International technology transfer (judgement improvement via tacit knowledge learning), Cross cultural executive study

Research Areas

Global Mindset and International Strategy of Chinese Companies; Trust, Justice, and Organizational Performance; Generative Learning in International Collaboration

Previous Research Areas

Tacit knowledge management; Diversity, trust and strategic decision; global mindedness and international strategic orientation; crisis management, change management

Alternate Languages


About Me

Professor of Policy and Strategy

Calgary Campus


Dr. Bao is a full Professor of Policy and Strategy on Calgary Campus.

Dr. Yongjian Bao received both his PhD in public policy and MPA from the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. He received the Bachelor of Law from Fudan University in Shanghai.

Being an international scholar, Dr. Bao focuses his research on executive decision making process in international companies. With research partners, Dr. Bao published articles in leading academic journals, such as Journal of Management, Journal of World Business and Journal of Business Ethics. He has 5 articles in A-level journals, and 30 articles in other leading journals of related fields. He is one of the SSHRC grant recipient in 2017.

Because of his extensive and insightful research and publications, Dr. Bao was awarded "Top 10 Thinkers and Practitioners of Innovation and Entrepreneurship" in the year of 2016 by Tsinghua Business Review and the School of Economics and Management of Tsinghua University in China.

For bridging theory and practice, Dr. Bao acted as an academic adviser to many international companies, including Eli Lily Pharmaceutical Co. in China, Xi'an Janssen Pharmaceutical Co.(joint venture with Johnson and Johnson), Jiang Lin Automobile Co. (joint venture with Ford), Motorola China. He is a board member of two public companies listed in Shanghai Stock Exchange.

Dr. Bao also writes his column articles for business and economic newspapers, including 21st Century Business Herald, China Business, Shanghai Morning News,Horizon and Shanghai Observer.

Dr. Bao is a member of the Academy of International Business, and Academy of Management.

On teaching, Dr. Bao was awarded the Teaching Fellow of University Teaching Center between 2019-2020. He teaches business strategy and organization theory on Calgary campus.

On research and industrial expertise, Dr. Bao focuses his research on artificial intelligence and management implications, the cognitive dimension of management decision, which includes TMT decision making, corporate entrepreneurship management, rare event learning, tacit knowledge transfer, cross-culture study on business ethics, and trust in team collaboration.

In 2020, Dr. Bao and his co-authors received the best paper nomination of the TIM division of the Eightieth Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management at Vancouver, Canada. The paper is titled "CEO Ambivalence as a Micro-foundation of Organizational Ambidexterity: A Paradoxical Perspective". (In Guclu Atinc (Ed.), Proceedings of the Eightieth Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management. Online ISSN: 2151-6561.)

Selected Publications


Olson, Brad, Bao, YJ, Wenlong Yuan. 2019. Interpreting Strategic Issues: Effects of Differentiation Strategies and Resource Configurations. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation. (Accepted)

Yuan, WL, Yongjian Bao, Brad Olson, 2017. "CEOs' Ambivalent Interpretations, Organizational Market Capabilities, and Corporate Entrepreneurship as Responses to Strategic Issues." Published by Journal of World Business (52), Issue 2: 312-326.

Bradley Olson , Yongjian Bao , Satyanarayana Parayitam , 2014. Political behavior, trustworthiness, job satisfaction, and commitment: An empirical study. Chinese Management Studies, Vol. 8, Issue 3:354 - 374

Robertson, C. J., Gilley, K. M., Olson, B. J., Bao, Y. J., & Zhang, X. F. (2014). National differences in stakeholder pressure to adopt codes of ethics: A four-country study. Journal of Business and Management, 3(4), 28-39.

Satyanarayana Parayitam, Bradley J. Olson, Yongjian Bao. 2012. Effects of Cognitive Diversity on Relationship Conflict, Agreement-seeking Behavior and Decision Quality: A Study of Chinese Management Teams. International Journal of Chinese Culture and Management, Vol. 3, Issue 2: 174-187.

Tang, Y., Zhan, X., Bao, YJ. 2012. Towards a Rule-Ordered Society: A Research and Practical Framework for Public Governance Transition in China, Fudan Public Administration
Review, Volume No. 9 (In Chinese)

Bao, Yongjian, Brad Olson, Satyanarayana Parayitam, & Shuming Zhao. 2011. The Effects of Psychological Contract Violation on Chinese Executives. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. Vol.22, Issue 16: 3373-3392

Yuan, Wenlong, Yongjian Bao & Alain Verbeke. 2011. Integrating CSR Initiatives in Business: An Organizing Framework. Journal of Business Ethics, 101(spring):75-92.

Bao, Yongjian, Wenlong Yuan,& Brad Olson. 2011. Defensive and Expansion Responses to
Environmental Shocks in China: Interpreting the 2008 Economic Crisis. Thunderbird International Business Review,53 (2): 225-245.

Satyanarayana Parayitam, Olson, Brad, & Yongjian Bao. 2010. Task Conflict, Relationship Conflict and Agreement-Seeking Behaviour in Chinese Top Management Teams. International Journal of Conflict Management, 21(1): 94-116.

C. Robertson, B. Olson, K. Gilley, & Yongjian Bao. 2008. A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Ethical Orientations and Willingness to Sacrifice Ethical Standards: China Versus Peru. Journal of Business Ethics, 81( 2): 413-425.

Olson, Brad, Satyanarayana Parayitam, & Yongjian Bao. 2007. Strategic Decision Making: The Effects of Cognitive Diversity, Conflict and Trust on Decision Outcomes. Journal of Management, 33( 2): 196-213.

Olson, Brad, Yongjian Bao, & Satyanarayana Parayitam. 2007. Strategic Decision Making Within Chinese Firms: The Effects of Cognitive Diversity and Trust on Decision Outcomes. Journal of World Business, 42 (1): 35-46.

Yin, Yiding, & Yongjian Bao. 2006. The Acquisition of Tacit Knowledge In China: An Empirical Analysis of the "Supplier-side Individual Level" and "Recipient-side" Factors. Management International Review, 46 (3): 1-22.

Bao, Yongjian, & Shumin Zhao. 2004. MICRO Contracting for Tacit Knowledge. Journal of
Problems and Perspectives in Management, 2: 279-303.

Cooper, Terry, M. Wehrly, & Yongjian Bao. 1997. Organizational Loyalty and Personal Ethics. Journal of International Public Administration, 20 (10): 1791-1820


Tang, Y., Zhan, X., Bao, YJ. 2019. Ten Governance Principles for Rule-Based Society, Institution Analysis and Public Governance: 196-216. Fudan University Press (In Chinese)

Osiyevskyy, Oleksiy, Milena Troshkova, & Yongjian Bao, June 2017. What Makes a Global Business Model? In Angelo Presenza & Lorn Sheehan (Eds), Geopolitics and Strategic Management in the Global Economy: 19-39. IGI Global Publication.


Bao, YJ, 2020. The Choked Flare Gun: Missed Weak Signals in Covid-19 Crisis. Business
Review. Issue 4: 58-69.

Bao, YJ, 2020. Plural Sector and Community-ship for Healthcare Reform: An Interview with Henry Mintzberg. Tsinghua Business Review. Issue 1-2: 32-41.

Bao, YJ, and Shi Xu, 2019. "Changing the Mindset of Uncertainty to Approximation: An Action Learning Perspective". Enterprise Management. Issue 11: 12-18.

Bao, YJ, 2019. Synergetics as Science of Cooperation: An Interview with Hermann Haken, the Founder of Theory of Synergetics. Tsinghua Business Review. (Upcoming issue as the front-page featured article)

Bao, YJ, Wenlong Yuan, and Oleksiy Osiyevskyy, 2019. Initiating Ambidexterity Organization by Developing Crisis Literary Narratives. Tsinghua Business Review. Issue 5:54-65. (in Chinese)

Bao, YJ, Shi Xu, and Wenlong Yuan. 2019. Avoiding Tragedy of Digitalization by Applying Political Logic of Visualization. Tsinghua Business Review. Accepted. (in Chinese)

Bao, YJ. 2019. Managerial Decision Making under Artificial Intelligence: Tacit Knowledge and Bounded Rationality Revisited. Management Insights, Accepted.

Bao, YJ, WL Yuan, and Deng, Dongdong, 2018. Trustworthiness and Block Chain Restructured Organizations. Tsinghua Business Review. Issue 10:32-46. (in Chinese.)

Bao, YJ, Wenyuan Dai, Oleksiy Osiyevskyy, and Shi Xu, 2018. Unbounded Rationality, Bounded Reliability and AI Augmented Decision Making. Tsinghua Business Review. Issue 7-8:62-72. (in Chinese)

Bao, YJ, WL Yuan, 2018. Integrated Framework of Field Theory and Purposeful System. Tsinghua Business Review. Issue 4:78-88. (in Chinese.)

Bao, YJ, 2018. How Big Data Analysis Transforms Global Travel Business: Interview with the Founder of Palmyou Group. Management Insights, January 2018. Vol. 12: 44-53.

Bao, YJ, 2018. Approximation: Leading Out of Uncertainty. Management Insights, April 2018. Vol. 13: 83-87.

Bao, YJ, 2017. Four Challenges of Artificial Intelligence in Context of Management. Management Insights, (Accepted in September 2017)

Bao, YJ, WL Yuan, 2017. Management as Iterative Rehearsal: An Improvisation Strategy under Uncertainty. Tsinghua Business Review. Issue 5:64-74. (in Chinese.)

Bao, YJ, 2017. "Marshall Plan and Inspirations to Global Strategy". Enterprise Management. Issue 9, No. 433:38-43. (in Chinese.)

Bao, YJ, Oleksiy Osiyevskyy & Vladyslav Biloshapka, 2017. Managing Four Phases Migration of Business Model. Management Insights. July. Vol. 6: 85-90. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2017. Leave the Bike Alone: Don't Let Venture Capitalists Rule the Ride Sharing. Management Insights, Vol. 2: 52-53. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2017. From Impossible to Fractal: Six principles of entrepreneurial thinking. Enterprise Management, Vol. 3, No. 427: 14-18. (in Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2017. Capable Society, Market for Thoughts, and Strategic Consensus. Directors & Boards. Issue 1, Vol. 145:104-106. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2016. Managing the Unexpected: Interviewing Karl Weick. Tsinghua Business Review. Vol. 11, 2016, pp. 44-54. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, WL Yuan, Rex Kao, 2016. Scenario Analysis of Future of Work with Intelligent Robots. Tsinghua Business Review. Vol. 09:48-62. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2016. Building an Evergreen Enterprise: Interview with Founder and CEO of Aurora Inc.. Management Insights. July Vol. 6:48-59. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2016. Block Chain Technology Enables Organizational Trust. Management Insights. Vol. 1:40-45. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, WL Yuan, 2015. From Venturing to Institution: Strategy for Social Profits Nordic
Experiences. Tsinghua Business Review. Vol. 11, 2015 Winter: 22-35. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2015. Behind Industry 4.0, German Logics: Interview with Executive Vice President of Siemens China. Tsinghua Business Review. Vol. 7-8, 2015 Summer:61-63. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2015. Entrepreneurial Mindset: From High Entropy to High Certainty. Management Insights. Vol. 02:81-87. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, WL Yuan, 2015. Transform or Transfer: Choices of transnational firms in China. Tsinghua Business Review. Vol. 5, 2015 Spring:27-35. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2015. Wicked Problems and Managerial Interpretations. Management Insights. Vol. 1, 2015 March: 85-87. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, 2015. New Managerial Challenges in the Era of Industry 4.0. Management Insights. Vol. 1, 2015 March:69-72. (In Chinese)

Bao, YJ, WL Yuan, Oleksiy Osiyevskyy. 2014. Choices of Strategic Decisions in Facing Disruptive Business Models. Tsinghua Business Review. Vol. 10, 2014 Fall:32-41. (In Chinese)

BOOKS Published in Chinese

Bao, Yongjian, 2017. Strategy in Peripheral Visioning. The New World Publication Inc. Beijing China.

Bao, Yongjian, 2015. Winning Strategies of New Technology: Elon Musk and His Ventures.
Publishing House of Mechanical Industry, Beijing.

Bao, Yongjian, 2014. Crisis Advantage: Seeking order out of Chaos. Hongzhou: Zhejiang
University Press.

Bao, Yongjian, & Wenlong Yuan. 2011. Tao of Crisis Management. Truth & Wisdom Publishing. Shanghai People's Publishing House. Shanghai, China.

Bao, Yongjian. 2007. Enchanting Enterprises. Century Publishing House. Shanghai, China.

Bao, Yongjian, & Baizhu Chen. 2003. Crisis Management in Difficult Time,. Fudan University
Publishing. Shanghai. China.

Bao, Yongjian, & Baizhu Chen. 2002. 6 Ps, Success Factors. Fudan University Publishing.

Bao, Yongjian, & Baizhu Chen. 2001. Strategy in Network Economy. Shanghai, Fudan University Publishing. Shanghai, China.

Bao, Yongjian G. Gu, G.D. Li, J. Luo, &W. Lu. 1988. Debate across the Strait.
Shanghai Xuelin Publishing, Shanghai, China.

Research Interests

Currently, working on the following projects:

1) 2017 SSHRC project on Narcissistic Leaders and Corporate Entrepreneurship.

2) Artificial intelligence and managerial implications.

3) Rare events learning, decision making under extreme conditions.

4) Collaboration systems and organizational design.

Current Research and Creative Activity

TitleLocationGrant InformationPrincipal InvestigatorCo Researchers
Cognitive dimension of internationalization strategy of Chinese Executives China YJ Bao, University of Lethbridge Eden Yin, Cambridge University
Hope, Job Demand, and Organizational Commitment of Executives YJ Bao, University of Lethbridge Brad Olson, University of Lethbridge
Trust, Justice, and Team Performance YJ Bao, University of Lethbridge Brad Olson, University of Lethbridge

Previous Research

TitleGrant AgencyCompletion Date
Tacit Knowledge Transfer NA 2004
Tacit Knowledge Acquisition NA 2006
TMT Decision Making in Chinese Companies NA 2006
Cognitive Diversity, Conflict, Trust and Decision Outcome NA 2007
Cross-Cultural Business Ethics Study, China and Peru NA 2007

Internet Links

YJ Bao Homepage

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